Women who are or could be pregnant, or who are trying to get pregnant may be at risk of spontaneous abortion or increased risk of birth defects.
Nursing mothers risk passing toxins on to their infant.
My condolences to Jennifer. I feel really bad for her--going through a miscarriage is a miserable loss.
I wanted to chime in to (hopefully) help with some of the speculation that's going on re: whether a kick to the abdomen could injure a fetus at 12 weeks (2-3 months).
I work in obstetrics, so see many women who have been in car accidents, falls, and/or blunt trauma to the abdomen.
First of all, no intelligent practitioner would tell a woman that she had a miscarriage as a direct result of XYZ. If he/she does, then he/she should not be practicing medicine/working as a nurse. Experienced medical practitioners are very savvy about what they do/do not say to patients (read: they are aware that anything they say could be misconstrued and used in a malpractice case). Having worked at Harborview in the past, I find it highly unlikely that one of the docs/nurses would tell a woman that she had a miscarriage as a result of pepper spray and a kick to the stomach.
At 12 weeks gestation, the fetus/uterus is so deep in the pelvis that it is virtually impossible to kick someone in the "stomach" and injure/kill a fetus. You'd have to kick/push down into a woman's pelvis, which is such an unusual angle that it would need to be a pre-meditated event. It isn't until approximately 20 weeks--when the uterus reaches the height of the belly button--that there is a remote possibility of injury (because the fetus is now "out of the pelvis" and no longer fully protected by the pelvis).
Our bodies do a good job of protecting the fetus--fat, pelvic bones, uterine muscle, amniotic fluid. The fetus is really well-cushioned. Because of this, the injury typically does not occur because the fetus was "hit", but because of a trauma to the placenta (placental abruption, where the placenta is partially/completely sheared off of the uterine wall, depriving the fetus of oxygen).
The fetus isn't as well protected from anything that can cross the placenta (which is virtually everything--food, drugs, environmental chemicals).
Unfortunately, as others have said, it is impossible to prove what caused her miscarriage because she was still in the first trimester of her pregnancy. I know she is angry, but dealing with her grief through legal channels will only make her more angry and bitter.
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