One of the many wonderful things to happen to me recently was discovering the provocative thoughts contained of William James' book The Essays in Radical Empiricism. The most impressive essay in this collection is "A World of Pure Experience." Aside from its challenging reformulation of relations between things into actual things themselves, and its total rejection of notions of the absolute, which attempt to resolve/rationalize the object/subject split (there are no splits or gulfs for an absolute to fill; there is only the rush of experience), there are several startling passages, one of which is this:
What I do feel simply when a later moment of my experience succeeds an earlier one is that though they are two moments, the transition from the one to the other is continuous. Continuity here is a definite sort of experience; just as definite as is the discontinuity-experience which I find it impossible to avoid when I seek to make the transition from an experience of my own to one of yours. In this latter case I have to get on and off again, to pass from a thing lived to another thing only conceived, and the break is positively experienced and noted.
Again and again, we consumers of capitalist services, products, and ideologies must remind ourselves that the human is by nature a social creature. Not only do biological systems like the mirror neurons improve the social bonds between humans, make the "on again and off again" an easier, smoother transition, but even our eyes are adapted for greater soul-transparency, and greater soul-transparency increases the strength of soul-to-soul bonds. And what is it about our eyes that improves our sociability—the human condition that capitalism most exploits (the privatization of the general intellect)? The sclera:
Comparisons of human eyes to those of other primates reveal several subtle differences that help make ours stand out. For example, the human eye lacks certain pigments found in primate eyes, so the outer fibrous covering, or "sclera," of our eyeball is white. In contrast, most primates have uniformly brown or dark-hued sclera, making it more difficult to determine the direction they're looking from their eyes alone.
Another subtle aid that helps us determine where another person is looking is the contrast in color between our facial skin, sclera and irises. Most apes have low contrast between their eyes and facial skin.
Humans are also the only primates for whom the outline of the eye and the position of the iris are clearly visible. In addition, our eyes are more horizontally elongated and disproportionately large for our body size compared to most apes. Gorillas, for example, have massive bodies but relatively small eyes.
These eyes, however, try to hide everything. The gorilla is a born capitalist, a rugged individual, an unshakable Thatcherite. His eyes share as little as possible.