The Alaskan Way Viaduct
  • Dan Bertolet
  • The Alaskan Way Viaduct

Dan Bertolet is an urban designer and founder of

Of all the spurious reasons for supporting the deep-bore tunnel put forth by tunnel cheerleaders—-and many there are—-the silliest of all has to be this: We better let the State have their way with the tunnel or we'll end up with another elevated freeway.

That's right: Seattle, home to one of the most highly educated, civic-minded, and ecologically conscientious urban populations in the nation is going to just lay down and let the State build an even more monstrous elevated replacement for the much-loathed Alaskan Way Viaduct.

Seattle, where opposition to the deep-bore tunnel got the current Mayor elected, is going to politely accept a new elevated freeway that is environmentally just as noxious as the tunnel but ten times worse because it would also create a horrendous blight on the beloved waterfront.

Can somebody please pass the crack pipe?

The reality is that if the Alaskan Way Viaduct was rebuilt, Seattle would become the laughingstock of progressive cities worldwide. As the Center for Neighborhood Technology's Scott Bernstein recently wrote, one major reason for opposing the deep-bore tunnel is that "you don’t want to lose your world-class reputation for addressing energy and climate change." Imagine how much more that reputation would be trashed by a new elevated freeway that not only is a ridiculously expensive piece of dinosaur transportation infrastructure that exacerbates car-dependence and its associated greenhouse gas emissions, but also does all that literally right in everyone's face—a massive visual, aural, and spatial clusterfuck right on Seattle's front porch.

Seattleites successfully opposed new freeways before, when in the late 1960s activists killed the Bay Freeway and R. H. Thomson Expressway. Today, if anything, the populace is even more aware of how freeways are anathema to urban livability. On top of that, we now have peak oil, climate change, and environmental mayhem in general to deal with, while at the same time a growing demographic wave is beginning to reject the suburban, car-oriented lifestyle that has dominated the past half century. And last month over 1,000 people packed a public meeting to hear initial design ideas for a Viaduct-free waterfront from the City's design team led by James Corner Field Operations.

So, can we all agree that in the face of all this, the idea of spending a big pile of our precious public funds on a new elevated freeway ain't gonna fly, no matter how big a hissy fit the State might throw?

Now, there is another option that may call for some concern, though not much, in my opinion, and that's a retrofit of the existing viaduct. But the State has long been opposed to that option, and the latest study estimated it would cost nearly as much as a new elevated. And the fact is, pretty much everyone wants that embarrassing, ugly hulk to go bye-bye ASAP.

Compared to a replacement elevated freeway, the deep-bore tunnel is far more divisive. Some see it as the best of both worlds, while others recognize that all it really does is sweep the big problems under the rug. A public vote on that would be fascinating barometer of Seattle culture, and all indications are that we will indeed have that vote. Protect Seattle Now is reportedly on track to have enough signatures to put a referendum on the City's August 16 municipal primary-election ballot.

So then, over the next several months we can expect to be entertained by a heated PR war over the deep-bore tunnel and the I5/Surface/Transit alternative. Those of you who believe that the tunnel is a bad investment for the future of Seattle and the planet shouldn't let fear of viaduct spawn dampen your passion for joining the fight for a more sane solution.