Washington Sens. Maria Cantwell and Patty Murray are among the 12 U.S. senators that have called for the Federal Communications Commission to investigate media giant Sinclair Broadcasting for what they are calling "news distortion."
“We have strong concerns that Sinclair has violated the public interest obligation inherent in holding broadcast licenses," the senators wrote in a letter to FCC Chairman Ajit Pai, who is perhaps most famous for teaming up with the conservative Daily Caller to make this extremely cool anti-net neutrality video:
"Sinclair may have violated the FCC’s longstanding policy against broadcast licensees deliberately distorting news by staging, slanting, or falsifying information (traditionally known as the news distortion standard)," they continued.
Sinclair, which locally owns KOMO as well as nearly 200 local TV stations across the U.S., recently came under fire for requiring local TV anchors to read a script on-air that parroted Donald Trump's talking points on fake news, as Deadspin so memorably showed us:
Sinclair has long required local stations to air conservative editorials. After 9/11, they forced local news anchors, and even weather forecasters, to air support for President Bush's "War on Terror." Currently, the company requires KOMO and other stations to air editorials from Boris Epshteyn, a Russian-born political strategist, investment banker, and attorney who served as a Trump campaign advisor. And, as the Seattle PI points out, in December, Sinclair was fined $13.3 million by the FCC for airing over 1,700 commercials designed to look like news broadcasts, which makes the irony of Sinclair requiring their anchors to read statements about fake news all the more delicious. The maximum allowable fine, however, was $82 million.
Sinclair is currently attempting to purchase the Tribune Company for nearly $4 billion, a merger that would increase Sinclair's market from around 40 percent of American households to over 70 percent. While this would not have been allowed under FCC regulations in the past, the FCC has been de-regulating the industry for the past 30 years—and even more so under Trump.
“We are concerned that Sinclair is engaged in a systematic news distortion operation that seeks to undermine freedom of the press and the robust localism and diversity of viewpoint that is the foundation of our national broadcasting laws,” the senators continued. “Because of the new facts that have come to light with regard to Sinclair’s misconduct and abuse of the public trust pertaining to its existing broadcast licenses, we believe it is appropriate to pause the pending Sinclair-Tribune merger review and reopen the agency record on the transaction so that the FCC can receive another full round of robust public comments.”
You can read the full letter below.
Dear Chairman Pai:
We write to express our grave concerns regarding Sinclair Broadcasting Group's (Sinclair) conduct. This conduct affects its fitness to hold its existing broadcast licenses and its fitness to acquire even more broadcast licenses through the proposed merger with Tribune Media Company (Tribune).
In particular, we have strong concerns that Sinclair has violated the public interest obligation inherent in holding broadcast licenses. Sinclair may have violated the FCC's longstanding policy against broadcast licensees deliberately distorting news by staging, slanting, or falsifying information (traditionally known as the news distortion standard). Multiple news outlets report that Sinclair has been forcing local news anchors to read Sinclair-mandated scripts warning of the dangers of "one-sided news stories plaguing our country," over the protests from local news teams.
As strong defenders of the First Amendment, guarantees of free speech and freedom of the press, we are alarmed by such practices. In the United States, the airwaves belong to the American people. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is responsible for ensuring that broadcast licensees use the public airwaves to serve the public interest. We call on the FCC to investigate whether Sinclair's production of distorted news reports fails the public interest test.
These Sinclair actions also undermine the legitimacy of non-Sinclair news outlets. In fact, following the recent wave of stories about scripted broadcasts, a Sinclair commentator asserting the neutrality of Sinclair's news content said (in another must-run segment), " he same [Notes:objectivity] cannot be said for cable and broadcast news hosts who inject their opinions and bias into news coverage all the time without drawing any lines between them."
Furthermore, must-run dictates from Sinclair harm the freedom of the press guaranteed in the First Amendment by turning local journalists into mouthpieces for a corporate and political agenda. In the context of our strong commitment to the First Amendment, guarantees of free speech, and freedom of the press, we are troubled by such practices. These Sinclair must-run segments must be reviewed in the context of recent steps taken at the FCC to further enable Sinclair to expand the scope and scale of its news distortion operations. Specifically, in the last past 18 months:
• The FCC has implemented a series of media ownership rule changes that directly benefit Sinclair;
• The FCC inspector general commenced an investigation of whether a disturbing pattern of meetings and communications between Sinclair, the Trump Administration, and you, suggests a quid pro quo that violates the public interest mission of the FCC;
• President Trump has publically praised Sinclair while attacking every other media outlet that publishes stories he views as critical; and
• Sinclair has proposed merging with Tribune and that transaction is currently pending at the FCC.
Because of these concerns, we are requesting that the FCC review both Sinclair's fitness to retain its existing broadcast licenses and whether it is in the public interest to permit it to acquire more broadcast licenses thorough the proposed merger with Tribune.
As you know, the FCC is required to base its broadcast licensing decisions on "the determination of whether those actions will serve the public interest, convenience, and necessity."
Moreover, the FCC recognizes that:
As public trustees, broadcast licensees may not intentionally distort the news: the FCC has stated that "rigging or slanting the news is a most heinous act against the public interest." The Commission will investigate a station for news distortion if it receives documented evidence of such rigging or slanting, such as testimony or other documentation, from individuals with direct personal knowledge that a licensee or its management engaged in the intentional falsification of the news. Of particular concern would be evidence of the direction to employees from station management to falsify the news.
We are concerned that Sinclair is engaged in a systematic news distortion operation that seeks to undermine freedom of the press and the robust localism and diversity of viewpoint that is the foundation of our national broadcasting laws.
Because of the new facts that have come to light with regard to Sinclair's misconduct and abuse of the public trust pertaining to its existing broadcast licenses, we believe it is appropriate to pause the pending Sinclair-Tribune merger review and reopen the agency record on the transaction so that the FCC can receive another full round of robust public comments.
We are concerned that if the Sinclair-Tribune merger continues without a thorough review of these new facts, Sinclair's practices of news distortion will proliferate to even more local stations, which Americans rely upon every day for fair and impartial news. Currently, Sinclair owns 193 stations in 89 markets. A Sinclair-Tribune merger, if approved, would create a broadcasting giant with 223 TV stations serving 108 markets (including 39 of the top 50), covering 72% of United States households. Given the recent and partisan changes to the media ownership rules, such as elimination of the main studio rule, Sinclair would have new tools to use in its quest to centralize its news operation and alter local broadcasting in ways that contravene the public interest.
For these reasons, it is imperative that the FCC investigate Sinclair's news activities to determine if it conforms to the public interest. This investigation should, at a minimum, examine whether the scripting of local news programs is tantamount to news distortion.
More generally, these new facts about how Sinclair operates its stations suggest that it may not be complying with the public interest obligations inherent in holding broadcast licenses. An affirmative finding could disqualify Sinclair from holding its existing licenses and should disqualify it from acquiring additional broadcast licenses.
Consistent with FCC precedent, extra weight should be given to evidence of the direction to employees, from Sinclair, to skew or falsify the news. FCC investigators should speak with current and former personnel at stations that have openly challenged Sinclair's directions to broadcast scripted segments or segments produced by Sinclair's national news operations.
We further request that the results of this investigation be made public and included in the record of the FCC consideration of the Sinclair-Tribune merger transaction.